Scatterplots are graphs that display bivariate data as a collection of points. The response variable is on the y-axis and the explanatory variable is on the x-axis. 


Describing Scatterplots

To describe a scatterplot, one must address four features: direction, form, strength, and outliers.

1. Direction: Positive, negative, or zero association?

Positive Association

Negative Association

Zero/No Association

2. Form: Linear or non-linear relationship?

Linear Relationship

Nonlinear Relationship

3. Strength: Strong, moderate, or weak association?

Strong Association

Moderate Association


Weak Association

4. Outliers: Any extrema?